Universitiy of Potsdam

Applied Condensed Matter Physics

Prof. Dr. Reimund Gerhard
2016-11-04 16:30 by Manuel Schulze

From current response to polarization distribution

The position x(t) of the step front in the sample thickness direction can be easily calculated from the sound velocity vc of the sample:

x(t) = v c × t

The phenomenological piezoelectric coefficient e33 is:

e 3 3 x = v c × t = I × d / A × v c = e i - P

I - current
d - sample thickness
A - sample area
e i - intrinsic piezoelectric coefficient
P - polarisation


If the piezoelectric constant of the quartz, the voltage amplitude, and the acoustic impedance of the quartz and of the sample are known, an absolute calibration of the PPS method is possible:

e 33 = G x = v c × t d / n × U × d 2

G - calibration factor (µC/cm2)
u - measured voltage signal (mV)
d - sample thickness (µm)
n - gain
U - applied voltage step (V)
d - effective sample diameter (mm)


For an x-cut-quartz we obtain:

G = 282,8 Z q + Z p / Z q

where Zq and Zp are the acoustic impedances of the qartz and the sample

Z = r × v c
At 20°C is G = 362 µC/cm 2 for PVDF.

For PVDF the intrinsic piezoelectric effect can be neglected, so that

e33 = -P.

The measured voltage signal for a PVDF sample is proportional to the polarisation distribution in the thickness direction of the sample.

See the following page for some examples.